What Are Dental Implants?

December 21, 2015 | Posted Education

Dental implants are metal frames or posts that are surgically anchored into your jaw. Once they have been placed, they allow your dentist to mount replacement teeth. Because dental implants are anchored directly into your jawbone, artificial teeth that are mounted to them won’t move in your mouth.
 
When receiving dental implants, your dentist will have to perform a surgery to anchor the implant into your jawbone. Your gum is then secured over the implant, which will stay covered by the gum until the implant fuses with the bone. After some time, your dentist creates a crown (artificial tooth) that is then attached to the implant.
 
If you have any questions related to dental implants, feel free to contact us at Rideau Dental Center by calling 613-230-7475.
 
We’d also hope that everyone has a happy holidays and a great new year! See you all in 2016!
 

When to Begin Visiting the Dentist

December 07, 2015 | Posted Education

As early as four months, children’s first teeth can begin coming through their gums. Many parents wonder when they should get the dentist involved, and the answer is as soon as the first tooth becomes visible. You should schedule a dental appointment as soon as possible and begin to brush your child's teeth every day.
 
Always try to make your child's first visit to the dentist a good one. You can have fun by showing your child pictures of the dentist and role-playing the dentist's office in advanced. You should try to tell them that someone will just simply look at their teeth and take care of them. During their first few visits, it’s normal for a parent to accompany their child into the dentist’s office to help them feel more comfortable. After your first visit, remember to continue to see the dentist regularly.
 
If you have any questions, feel free to contact us at the Rideau Dental Centre by calling 613-230-7475.
 

Filling Options For Cavities

November 23, 2015 | Posted Education

 

What material should we use to restore your damaged tooth?

How did you come to decide what type of material was to be used to restore your damaged tooth?  As a caring dental professional, we want you to be informed so that you can make appropriate decisions for your own dental health.

Classes of restorations

To give you more information on how to decide, let’s first of all discuss the various classes of restorations.  There are essentially 2 classes of restorations:  direct and indirect. 

Direct Restorations


Direct restorations, such as the silver mercury fillings and the new plastic fillings have certain characteristics on common.  They start out as soft materials, which are then stuffed directly into the prepared cavity to fill the hole.  They are then chemically hardened.  After they are hardened, they are carved to restore your tooth’s surfaces.

The advantage of direct restorations is their relative initial cost.  Silver mercury fillings are the least costly to use, which is why they have always been the most popular.  The newer tooth coloured plastic fillings are slightly more costly (as they require slightly more time, care, skill and judgement).  Direct restorations can be done in less time and in one appointment. 

Direct fillings impart no strength to the damaged tooth.  They simply fill the hole.
The disadvantage of direct restorations is their longevity.  Direct fillings break down faster.  If this simply meant having to replace them more frequently with a filling of the same size, it wouldn’t be too bad a thing (depending on how you see having treatment more frequently).  The real disadvantage is that the reason restorations need to be replaced is that, as they break down, they allow more disease to occur.  This necessarily means that the damage to the tooth is more extensive. 

The more damage a tooth has suffered, i.e. the larger the restoration, the more complex the treatment.  And the complexity of treatment and reduction of prognosis is an exponential relationship, not a linear one.  There is a truism in dentistry, that every small filling will grow up to be a big filling, and that every big filling will grow up to be a bigger one.  This will continue more and more quickly until the tooth can no longer be restored.

Sometimes, it is appropriate to use direct restorations to stabilize a dentition with a lot of disease (cavities, gum disease or biting problems).  Once the disease has been stabilized final restorations can be done in indirect materials.

Indirect Restorations

Indirect restorations, such as gold and the new ceramics also have certain characteristics in common.  At the mouth’s temperature, they are not soft or liquid so they cannot be simply stuffed into the hole of the prepared cavity.  This means that they must be made indirectly or outside of the mouth on some model or analog of the prepared tooth.  The disadvantage of indirect restorations is their initial cost.  They require more time, skill, care and judgement.  Up until recently, indirect restorations required two appointments, though we are now able to use CAD/CAM (see CEREC link) to do these restorations in 1 appointment.

Indirect materials, because of their physical properties, are better able to restore the diminished strength of a damaged tooth.

The advantage of indirect restorations is that the materials are much more robust and more similar to the tooth structure they are replacing or restoring.  This relates to a much longer life span especially when the restoration is larger.  This significantly reduces the vicious cycle of replacing larger and larger restorations mentioned under Direct Restorations above.  This means that while the initial cost may be greater, the long-term cost, intervention and prognoses are significantly better.  The choice is yours.

Size of Restorations

As the size of the filling or damage gets larger, less tooth structure remains.  This affects the health of the teeth in many ways.

First, the strength of the tooth is weakened.  It is easy to imagine that a whole, intact tooth is much less likely to break than a tooth that only has a thin wall of enamel left and is filled with a silver-mercury or plastic filling, which does not impart any strength.  Sometimes teeth can fracture in a way that is unrestorable.  This would necessitate losing the tooth.

Secondly the health of the tooth nerve is affected.  As the filling gets deeper, the nerve is more likely to be damaged to the point of needing a root canal. 

Thirdly, the health of the gums can be affected.  The best thing for the health of the gums is to have clean unadulterated tooth structure.  The health of the gums can be adversely affected by large fillings.  Some materials such as polished gold and polished ceramic are much healthier for the adjacent gums than the direct materials, which cannot be as easily polished. 

Larger restorations have a greater need to be made of the stronger indirect materials.  Again, because the direct materials are not as strong and long-lasting, they break down even faster when they start comprising larger parts of the tooth.

How do I decide what material is best for me?


Of course, the ultimate aim of comprehensive dentistry is to keep as much of your own tooth structure as possible in order to keep your teeth for a lifetime.  Consider your own goals for your teeth.  What do you expect for your teeth’s longevity?  Do you want them to still be present and healthy when you are a vibrant 85 year-old?  If so, then perhaps a proactive investment in your health today could ultimately be a better value.  Again the choice, now more than ever, is yours.
 
George W.S. Parry, DDS

If you have more questions related to filing options for cavities, or what we offer here at Rideau Dental Centre, give us a call at 613-230-7475.

Cavity Risk Factors

November 09, 2015 | Posted Education

Everyone is at risk of getting cavities, but there are a number of factors that can greatly increase your chance of getting them. By taking simple precautions to make sure you don’t enable any of these cavity increasing risks, you can greatly decrease your chance of getting cavities.
 
Some of the most common cavity risk factors include:

  • Food/drink that clings to your teeth. This includes foods/drinks such as milk, soda, hard candy, dry cereal, and chips.

  • Frequent snacking. When you snack frequently, the acid in your food has more time to damage your teeth.

  • Lack of fluoride. Fluoride is a very useful natural mineral that helps prevent plaque buildup. Public tap water often contains added fluoride, but bottled water does not.

  • Inadequate brushing/flossing. This may be pretty obvious to most people, but it’s always important to remember to properly brush and floss soon after eating and drinking.

 
If you have any other questions, feel free to contact us at Rideau Dental Centre by calling 613-230-7475, we are happy to help!

Preventing Teeth Grinding

October 26, 2015 | Posted Education

Teeth grinding normally occurs during sleep and is typically caused by missing/crooked teeth or an abnormal bite. Teeth grinding can resulting in loosening, fracturing, and the wearing down of the teeth.
 
To prevent teeth grinding, your dentist can provide you with a mouth guard. If stress is the cause of your teeth grinding, it’s advised to ask your doctor or dentist about ways to reduce your stress. If your teeth grinding is caused by a sleeping disorder, seeking treatment for it should help reduce the teeth grinding habit. A few other tips to help prevent teeth grinding include:

  • Don’t chew on anything that is not food, or even gum, as these items let your jaw get more used to chewing and make you more likely to grind your teeth.

  • Cut back on foods that contain caffeine (coffee, chocolate etc).

  • If you notice yourself clenching your teeth during the day, put the tip of your tongue between your teeth. This helps let your jaw muscles relax.

 
If you are seeking treatment for teeth grinding or have any other questions, feel free to contact us at Rideau Dental Centre by calling 613-230-7475.

Canker sores are a form of small, shallow ulcers that appear in the mouth and can make common tasks such as talking and eating uncomfortable. Canker sores are typically caused due to stress on the soft tissues in your mouth.
 
Certain acidic and citrus foods such as lemons, oranges, strawberries, and pineapples can trigger a canker sore or even make the problem worse. Canker sores can also be caused by the following:

  • An accidental cheek bite.

  • A diet lacking in zinc, vitamin B12, iron and folate acid.

  • Emotional stress.

  • Hormonal stress during menstruation

  • A response due to an allergic reaction in your mouth.

 
There are a number of other possible causes for canker sores, including a number of different diseases such as celiac, behcet, and crohn's disease.
 
Unfortunately, there is no cure for typical canker sores. You can try to reduce their frequency by avoiding foods that irritate your mouth and avoiding irritation to the soft tissue inside your mouth.  If you have canker sores that are unusually large, last for more than three weeks or are spreading, it is recommended to contact your dentist.
 
If you have any questions about canker sore treatment or prevention, contact us at the Rideau Dental Centre by calling 613-230-7475.

Preventing Dental Emergencies

September 29, 2015 | Posted Education

 
Taking steps to prevent dental emergencies can sometimes be just as important as visiting your dentist. If you are not being careful, it can be very easy to damage your teeth. Here are some things that you should do to help minimize your risk of a dental emergency.

  • Don’t chew hard objects. Chewing objects such as hard candy, ice or popcorn kernels is one of the most common causes of chipped teeth.

  • Always wear a mouthguard when recommended. Mouthguards are a great piece of equipment to have when playing sports and they can reduce the risk of damage to your teeth, gums and lips.

  • Your teeth aren’t scissors. Don’t try to cut tape, threads or even open bottles with your teeth. By doing this, you are putting your teeth at risk of being damaged.

 
Try to be careful with your teeth! You only get one set (well two if you are still a child), so it’s best not to damage them! If you’ve got any questions about preventing damage to your teeth or repairing it, contact us at Rideau Dental Centre by calling 613-230-7475.

Should You Use Mouthwash

September 22, 2015 | Posted Education

Brushing and flossing your teeth is the best way to keep your oral health in a good state. However, using mouthwash can aid in improving it even more! Here are some benefits to using mouthwash:

  • If you’re using an antibacterial mouthwash, it helps kill bacteria in your mouth, which means that first, it freshens your breath, and second, it can help fight gum disease.

  • Some mouthwashes can also reduce the buildup of plaque. It’s important to remember that this does not mean it can remove plaque that already exists on your teeth, so you should make sure to brush and floss regularly to prevent its buildup!

  • Mouthwash can also prevent cavities, due to the fact that some mouthwashes contain fluoride.

 
When using mouthwash, make sure that you use the correct amount, and also that you swish it in your mouth for the right amount of time. If you’ve got any questions, contact us at the Rideau Dental Centre by calling 613-230-7475!

Many people find oral piercings cool and attractive, but it’s important to consider the health issues that are associated with oral piercings. Oral piercings to areas such as the tongue, lips,  cheeks or uvula can interfere with speech, chewing, or swallowing. Some other things that these piercings can cause include:

  • Infection - Your mouth is a great breeding ground for bacteria, this bacteria mixed with the wound created by the piercing is the perfect way for one to get an infection.

  • Damage to teeth - Oral piercings often cause scratched or cracked teeth. They can also cause damage to fillings.

  • Nerve damage - Sometimes, the nerves in the location of a piercing may be temporarily or permanently damaged after receiving the piercing.

  • Excessive saliva production - Oral piercings also often cause an increase in saliva production, which can lead to difficulties in daily oral activities.

  • Hypersensitivity to metals - It is possible for an allergic reaction to occur at the site of the piercing.

 
Before you make the decision to get an oral piercing, be certain to consider all of these possible negative effects on your oral health!
If you’ve got any other questions, feel free to contact us at Rideau Dental Centre by calling 613-230-7475!

The Importance of Visiting the Dentist
 
In Canada, only 67 percent of the population even contacted a Dentist, Dental Hygienist or Orthodontist in 2009, which means that even less people actually visited them.  It’s typically recommended that one should visit the dentist at least twice per year.
 
This is however, a minimum recommendation for people who are in good oral health. People who have dental issues are recommended to make more frequent visits.
 
When you visit the dentist, your dentist can educate you to look after your oral health properly while in between visits, and also do a proper cleaning where they remove any plaque or tartar, polish your teeth, and check for cavities. Another important thing we will do at each checkup is look for signs of oral cancer. It’s estimated that in 2015, 4400 Canadians will be diagnosed with oral cancer, so by visiting the dentist, your chances of  an early diagnosis is much greater.
 
We want you to be committed to your oral health! By visiting us, we can help you plan a way to maintain great oral health.
 
If you want to book an appointment or have any further questions, call us at 613-230-7475 and we will be happy to help!