What Are Dental Pulp Diseases

October 24, 2016 | Posted in Education

Poor oral hygiene can lead to cavities, which when left untreated, can affect the centre (or pulp) of the tooth. The pulp of the tooth contains sensitive nerves and blood vessels, so if pulp diseases are left untreated, it can lead to the loss of a tooth. Typical symptoms of pulp disease include tooth pain when eating hot/cold foods, sudden intense pain in the mouth, and infection.
 
There are several different types of pulp diseases:

  • Reversible pulpitis - Mild inflammation of the pulp, symptoms include pain when eating hot or cold foods. Without treatment, this form of pulp disease can lead to a collection of bacteria and pus. Typically, a filling is needed. 

  • Irreversible pulpitis - Severe inflammation of the pulp, symptoms include sudden intense pain. If left untreated, it can result in a widespread gum infection. This type of pulp disease is typically treated with a root canal.

  • Dental pulp calcification - Hardening of the pulp tissue causes hypersensitivity and pain. A root canal is used to clear away hardened tissue.

  • Dental pulp exposure - Occurs when a crack in the tooth exposes the pulp to bacteria. Depending on the severity of the exposure, a root canal or even tooth extraction may be required.

 
Most instances of pulp disease are caused due to poor dental hygiene, which means that it can be easily prevented by regularly brushing and flossing. If you have any questions about pulp diseases, feel free to contact us here at the Rideau Dental Centre by calling 613-230-7475