It is very important to take care of your teeth and gums while you are pregnant.  Hormonal changes can put you at risk for pregnancy gingivitis.  Most women notice their gums look redder and bleed when they brush or floss.  There can be severe swelling and bleeding.  Pregnancy gingivitis can start as early as the second month and usually disappears after the baby is delivered.  Good oral hygiene at home is essential to minimize the effects of pregnancy gingivitis.
Pregnancy granulomas can also develop as early as the second trimester and usually disappear after delivery.  These are red growths that are often found near the upper gum line but can be found anywhere in the mouth.  They can bleed easily and can form ulcers.  The exact cause is unknown but it usually associated with poor oral hygiene.
Morning sickness may also cause problems.  Frequent vomiting may cause enamel erosion.  It is important not to brush immediately after vomiting, since the acids will erode the enamel as you brush.  The pH in your mouth must be neutralized first.
Good oral health for mom is also important for your baby.  Periodontitis is associated with a higher risk of delivering a pre-term and low birth weight baby.  These babies have a higher incidence of developmental complications, asthma, ear infections, birth abnormalities, behavioural difficulties and a higher risk of infant death.  Mothers with high levels of cavity causing bacteria can also lead to increased dental cavities in the infant.
Routine dental procedures are best performed in the second trimester and elective procedures postponed until after delivery.  Always tell your dental professional if you are pregnant.  This is extremely important for safety of both mother and infant.  Call us at the Rideau Dental Centre 613-230-7475.  We’ll take care of both of you!