Many of us know that poor oral hygiene can cause cavities, but what if these cavities are left untreated? Untreated cavities can affect the pulp of the tooth, which is a collection of sensitive nerves and blood vessels located at its center. Left untreated, pulp diseases can lead to the loss of the tooth. Pulp diseases usually come with symptoms including tooth pain when eating hot/cold foods, sudden intense mouth pain, and infection.
 
There are a few different types of pulp disease:

  • Reversible Pulpitis - Mild inflammation of the pulp, symptoms can include pain when eating hot/cold foods. Left untreated, this form of pulp disease can lead to a collection of bacteria and pus. To treat this form of pulp disease, a filling is typically required.

  • Irreversible Pulpitis - Severe inflammation of the pulp, symptoms include sudden pain. Left untreated, this form of pulp disease can lead to widespread gum infection. This type of pulp disease is usually treated with a root canal.

  • Dental Pulp Calcification - The hardening of the pulp tissue can cause hypersensitivity and pain. Root canals are used to clear away hardened tissue.

  • Dental Pulp Exposure - Occurs when a crack in the tooth exposes the pulp to the outside, allowing bacteria to enter. Depending on the severity of exposure, a root canal or even tooth extraction may be required.

Most instances of pulp disease occur due to poor dental hygiene, meaning that it can easily be prevented by maintaining healthy brushing and flossing habits. If you have any questions about pulp diseases, feel free to contact us here at the Rideau Dental Centre by calling 613-230-7475.